Interview with California Humanities about The Women Of El Toro


The Women of El Toro is a #CalHumanities funded project that Dan Sutko and I are working on in collaboration with the Center for Oral and Public History (COPH) at Cal State Fullerton this year. For the project we are developing a site-specific iOS app that augments The Great Park in Irvine, CA with oral histories told by female marines and wives of Marines who were stationed at El Toro in the 1940s (which happens to be on the very same ground as The Great Park). The interviews with these amazing women were created by COPH during the transition between the military base and the new park circa 2007 and have since been stored in an archive on campus at CSUF. Our app brings the important cultural history and community stories that COPH archived to the public while they might be experiencing a balloon ride, farmer’s market, children’s play area, soccer game, or even more banal infrastructure (the bathroom, the parking lot, or even just looking at the sky) in the Great Park.

The app should be available from the Apple Store this summer. For now, you can read more about the project in our interview with Cal Humanities.



Twitterbots automate the process of tweeting, proliferating the social tweet-scape with messages crafted for specific hashtags, themes, or replies. @IKnowTheseWords is a ‘bot I created to assist me in nearly automatically generating a wordhord from the OED Word of the Day (WotD) database in a “live” online environment. My ‘bot is a helper-agent. In order to develop my own database of known words it is essential that I talk back to my ‘bot, letting it know (and anyone else who views these tweets and replies) which words should be included. This process will take years as my ‘bot and I perform the tasks: tweeting an OED WotD, sorting each word, then capturing those that are part of my current vocabulary using a Twitter archiving Google spreadsheet. With two “I”s involved in the process of knowing—or not—these words, @IKnowTheseWords speaks predictably and intelligently as a ‘bot and randomly, with culturally specific musings as the “I” who replies to each tweet.

End of the Fall Semester, Best Student Work

Omar Mustafa's Meta Website

This was my first semester with students in UT Dallas’ Emerging Media and Communication program. I had a blast working with two groups of engaged students. My favorite projects are archived on a Tumblr page I set up for the EMAC creative courses. Projects include video remixes, meta narrative animated GIFs, interactive plays on conceptual art works, and more.

Platform Cooperativism

platform coop

I’m in New York for the Platform Cooperativism event at the New School and the buzz is in the air about an upcoming internet revolution. Will there be a revolution? Radicals here suggest alternative paradigms for sharing and owning the way we collaborate online. Other radicals (maybe with a different history or experience) talk about the potential for creating change within the present capitalist system. Yes, there is a lot of talk about capitalism, and yes, it’s time to get down to it. The event is free and it is being live-streamed. So, you can see me on this channel on 11/14 at 11am EST.

I’m delighted to be included in this monumental coming together–the third in a series of conferences at the intersection of the internet, society, and labor hosted this year by Trebor Scholz and Nathan Schneider. I’ll be providing an introduction to the “Worker’s Voice” session, with a brief nod towards some of my creative collaborations with Mechanical Turk workers and some survey findings of an experiment I ran on Mturk to determine which dimensions of online work were important to the workers. My presentation is not as great without my voice over, but you can see the visuals (including some survey findings) here.

Hi-Res at VCFA

A quarter, covered in silver paint, was payment for participants in my offline (conference) version of Mediations on Digital Labor.

I’m sitting in the Burlington airport, awaiting my flight home from a sweet time in Montpelier, Vermont during “Hi-Res.” In opposition to the MFA low-residency program that alumni undergo at VCFA (some from as long ago as 1992!), Hi-Res is the first annual, multidisciplinary alumni conference for VCFA MFA students. In the good company of visual arts grads who presented works such as Ambivalently Yours by (I was going to include her name but remembered how she likes to remain anonymous online…let’s just say a 2012 graduate) and Cards Against Brutality (Kristin Serafini 2014), I presented my recent project Mediations on Digital Labor. MFA grads from the writing programs as well as a spectacular presentation made by Beth Bradfish from the Music Composition MFA program all centered on the theme of advocacy in the arts.

I’m still abuzz from my Vermont experience. VCFA never fails to deliver a sense of belonging, community, and commitment to our practices that fills the soul.

Digital Frontiers


I’m posting this a bit late, but I didn’t want to forget to mention how much I enjoyed presenting my current work, a collaboration with Dan Sutko titled The Women of El Toro (made possible by a grant from CalHumanities) at Digital Frontiers. It was refreshing to talk about our iOS app among like-minded peers interested in the digital, the humanities and storytelling.

I also enjoyed speaking up about women making with code. Yes! Learn to code. Learn to make. Women aren’t, typically, afraid to make a blanket for a newborn (well, I must admit, I’m a bit fearful of the sewing machine and I do recognize this is a problematic way to start the sentence but hang with me here), why should we be afraid to make apps or websites or software or anything else that requires code? It especially felt good to talk to some female grad students after the session about their practice in development.

Mediations on Digital Labor in the OC Weekly

THE OC WEEKLY favorably covered my exhibition in the Grand Central Arts Center Project Room in last week’s printed edition. In Jail Benches and at Santa Ana’s Grand Central Art Center Dave Barton understood the project as “a deceptively simple take on low-wage jobs.”

I captured the above video to showcase the hand-drawn aspect of the exhibition, which Barton described as “chalked out on the floor of the gallery, using the natural lines of the black utility tile to provide something akin to a giant piece of lined paper, with the worker’s feedback done in cursive or block letters.”

Seen and heard below: A time-lapse video created on the night of the opening showcases the fragile nature of the “unencrypted data” on the floor of the gallery while the Mturk workers chant in unison (my digital post-production mediation). Barton wrote, “The now ephemeral quality of work (and lack of security that comes with it) reveals itself on the installation itself. Patrons have to interact with the misery of the workers represented: If they want to read what has been written, they have to stand on other words to do so. Those words—and the work represented by those words—slowly becomes an indecipherable blur of white chalk dust after enough people have shuffled through it.”

Mediations on Digital Labor

mediations-digital-labor-constructed-img02On May 2nd from 7-10pm I hope you will join me at Grand Central Art Center (Santa Ana, CA) in the Project Room for my opening of Mediations on Digital Labor.

The exhibitions statement follows:

Mediations on Digital Labor began with a hijacking of the Mechanical Turk website ( for a critical, poetic, and alternative practice: Artist xtine burrough hired the Turkers to pause from physical labor.

As a play on the Mturk model, for which an industrial-sized, global workforce is paid less than minimum wage to work in untraced conditions, earning “rewards” paid on gift cards, the artist offered her set of workers 25 cents to break from labor for up to five minutes. She instructed the rested workers to describe their experience in 10-100 words. Trebor Scholz uses the word “playbor” (as in play/labor) to identify the tension between digital work and play that takes place not just on sites like but in all facets of online pseudo-participation. Scholz writes that in digital culture, “It has become increasingly difficult to distinguish between play, consumption and production, life and work, labor and non-labor.”

When more than 50 Turkers took burrough up on her alternative job she imagined the international group sitting together, respecting each other in silence. Though it is impossible to target a single worker, or a group of workers, for employment on she posted another “HIT” (Amazon’s word for “job” is “human intelligence task” or HIT) requesting a 10-second video of the worker chanting the word “Om,” for which she paid 75 cents per video and received nearly 30 responses. These videos became the pool of digital data stored on the jump-drives hanging from the Grand Central Art Center Project Room’s walls. Each digital container has one file, a single disembodied “Om” chant from a virtual worker. The workforce extends from the USA to India, and these chants are in various mother tongues. One of them was made electronically, the computer itself speak/chanting “Om.” Some of the videos include an image. Many are black or some variation on pink or red, the color made when a video-maker’s finger is pressed against the camera lens to conceal her identity.

On the floor of the gallery burrough has spent time in silence drawing out the Turkers’ feedback in chalk. Presented here is a small selection of the data, on her hard drive there is more than she could fit on the floor. Burrough chose the texts that resonate with her own experiences with intentional resting, or meditation. As viewers step into the gallery her chalk letters are unencrypted, analog data for human participants that morphs and erodes. Viewers are encouraged to participate: Reach for the sky to select a (now recycled) recording of the Om chant, or sit on the ground and rest. Use the chalk provided to add your feedback. What was it like to rest, intentionally, for a couple of minutes? How did you feel before and after your rest?

Like Scholz’s gray space between play and labor, this collection of digital chants, compiled from a virtual job board, showcases the voices of disembodied strangers making a sound that can accompany one’s return to her body at a vibrational frequency found throughout the natural world.


PCA/ACA Annual Conference 2015

I’m excited to be traveling to New Orleans this week for the annual Popular Culture Association/American Culture Association Conference. The Communication and Digital Culture area, led by Mark Nunes, has been a long time theoretical “home” for me and I’m looking forward to experiencing all of the C&DC sessions this Thursday in Studio 8 at the Marriott.

This year I’ll be presenting thoughts and images from my recent exhibit Please Participate using the framework presented in Francisco Ricardo’s book, The Engagement Aesthetic: Experiencing New Media Art through Critique.